The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal to form a Committee to examine the issue of sub-categorization of the Other Backward Classes (OBC).
The committee have to achieve three goals. First, to examine the "extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of resources" amongst various classes under the Central OBC list. Second, the committee has to work upon the required mechanism and criteria, such that the sub-categorisation could be done without disturbing the 27% reservation cap for the OBC. This task would anyways involve a lot of political controversies as in this process of re-arranging, some castes will benefit while some castes will suffer due to significant cuts. Third, the Central OBC list have to be brought in order so as to remove any discrepancies and repetitions present.
While talking to the reporters, the Finance Minister, Mr. Arun Jaitley, asserted that the decision of the Cabinet is on the lines of the recommendations by National Commission for Backward Classes in 2011 and also of the repeated advice from the Standing Committee. He also said that such sub-categorisation are already used by 11 states during recruitment process of state government jobs namely Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir and so on.
The committee has been given the deadline of 12 weeks to complete the report.
Apart from this, the Centre has also issued the notification to increase the ceiling for the "creamy layer" in OBC to Rs. 8 lakh per annum than present Rs. 6 lakh for central government jobs, meaning that the cap for reservations has been widened, thereby including more people who will now enjoy the benefits.