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Polluting Europe emerges as major reason behind the worst drought in India

Polluting Europe emerges as major reason behind the worst drought in India

A recent research has shown that the pollution from Europe is the major contributor of one of the deadliest droughts in India that affected over 130 million people in the year 2000. The researchers of Imperial College London, who have carried out the research, have calculated the effect of Sulphur Dioxide emissions and its impacts on the rainfall in the year 2000, in India. The group of researchers found out that due to the European pollution, mainly the industrial emission from the Northern Hemisphere, there has been a huge drop in total rainfall that is around 40%. The report has further said that the European emission itself was capable of affecting the North-west and South-west regions upto 10 per cent. It is believed that the basic reason behind the whole climatic imbalance has been Sulphur Dioxide, which was produced by coal-fired power plants, causing a staggering drop in rainfall, heart and lung disease, damage to plants and their growth, and causing of acid rain. As if this was not enough, the research has proved that the Sulphur mixed with Aerosol forming Sulphate Aerosols have reflected back the sun rays into space causing unusual cooling of the atmosphere. The report has not only highlighted the damage done but also suggested that the emissions from the Northern hemisphere have the capability of causing tropical rain band shift, resulting in potential devastation in future as well. Adding to the study, Apostolos Voulgarakis, of ICL’s Grantham Institute, said that, the study is an eye-opener for the whole world that how emission of one part of the world could reach and affect the other parts of the world significantly, even if the pollutants did not reach there directly.